mercredi, mai 24, 2006

The immense intellectual abilities of the young Cambodians



Khemara Jati
Montréal, Québec
May 25th, 2006

During the « International Junior Science Olympiad » (IJSO), held in Jogjakarta (Java Island, Indonesia), from 4 to 13 December 2005, Cambodia presented 6 candidates. There were about 200 candidates come from at least 25 countries of all the continents, except Canada, USA, Japan, France, England, Germany and Australia. Cambodia received 6 medals:

§ Dy Kusha obtained a Golden medal. The happy medalist is delighted that neither Thailand nor Vietnam obtained any Golden medal.

§ Mom Charya (f) and Ty Sovisal obtained each, almost ex æquo, a silver medal. Before them, there was only a silver medalist Thai and no Vietnamese.

§ Say Buntha, Hun Vanasola and Huoy Channaren obtained each a Bronze medal.

From left: Huoy Channaren, Dy Kuchsa, Hun Vanasola, Mom Charya, Ty Sovisal, and Say Buntha (not appeared here), medalists of the International Junior Science Olympiad (IJSO). All Photos © RFA

This result shows the immense intellectual abilities of our youth in spite of all the obstacles imposed by the marionette regime. These prize-winners honour our youth. All our fellow countrymen, where ever they are, are proud of it. We publish below the interviews of Dy Kuchsa and Mom Charya.

Without obstacles imposed by the puppet regime, with a government which takes care of the education of our youth, how many golden medals our country would obtain ?

Why the major powers do continue to impose to Cambodian this marionette regime which sacrifices the future of our youth intellectual, that is to cut off the future of our « Nation » ? In when Cambodia will have the real scientific Universities in national language with the second foreign language ? Like in all the developed countries in the world, in particular as at our two neighbours ? The South Korean Universities create scientists and engineers of very high level in Korean language with English as the second language. In all the developed countries of the world, the young students learn the same maternal language up to universities in any branch, often with English as second language. With a scientific education in foreign language, can Cambodia form the dozens thousand high-level engineers and the technicians of all levels a year? With the forming of 25 engineers of low level a year, can Cambodia be able to face the needs of the numerous companies and the industries which are going to be created in the near future with the 4 billion petrodollar annuities ? Will Cambodia be obliged to appeal to dozens thousand foreign engineers, particularly Vietnameses ? Is Cambodia intended to become a Vietnamese province ? As it is already the case of Laos ? Will our pupils be obliged to learn the vietnamese from the maternal as in Laos ? Then later on go to continue the university in Vietnam ?

If such the project is matter of the current regime, is not this regime is a marionette regime of Vietnam ? Then is Hun Sen other than a criminal and a marionette of which Hanoi pulls the strings ?

Following are interviews of Dy Kusha and of Mom Charya.

Syllabus for International Junior Science Olympiad (IJSO)
(Adapted from International Baccalaureate Program)

1. Science Skills and Safety : Understanding scientific methods and working in the laboratory. Identify and use basic laboratory equipment Draw scientific diagrams of apparatus. Follow instructions in the laboratory. Follow safety techniques when using equipment. Measure temperature and volume. Make observations using the five senses. Make inferences based on observations. Describe the scientific method. Record a science experiment using standard headings. Collect, represent and interpret data in tables and graphs. Use scientific language

2. Pushes and Pulls : Understanding of what forces are and what they can do. Describe what forces are and what they can do. Measure forces using a spring balance. Carry out experiments with friction, gravity and density. Calculate the density of an object. Explain the difference between mass and weight. Explain things in terms of the pull of gravity. Say what friction is and explain how it can be helpful or a nuisance.

3. Survival in the Environment : Understanding of how physical and behavioral adaptations help animals survive. List characteristics that help an organism survive. Define the terms habitat and adaptation. Distinguish between an animal's living and physical environment. List the physical conditions that affect aquatic animals. Classify adaptations as structural or behavioral. Make inferences from observations. Research, carry out and write up a study of a particular environment.

4. Solid, Liquids & Gases: Understanding of the differences between solids, liquids and gases. Describe the three states of matter. Recall the boiling point of water and the melting point of ice. Measure the temperature of melting ice. Draw simple graphs. Measure mass using a balance. Calculate the density of materials. Use a particle model

5. Responding: Understanding of how our body’s senses help us respond to our environment. Describe the various senses in our body. Define the terms stimulus and respond and how they relate. Describe how nerves carry massages. Explain how muscles move arms and legs. Investigate the senses. Investigate how fast our muscles react

6. Energy: Understanding of the different types of energy and energy changes. Describe what energy is and where it comes from. Identify and describe the various forms of energy. Understand how sound is caused. Explain the difference between stored energy in action. Explain everyday happenings in terms in energy changes. Understand that fossil fuels are a non-renewable resource. Conduct an experiment involving energy changes. Use different forms of energy to make an object move

7. How Life begins: Understanding of how new life is created in humans. Describe the differences between animal and plant cell. Describe the sex cell of humans. Describe the human reproductive organs. Understand the changes that take place in boy's and girl's bodies during puberty. Observe the development of a baby during pregnancy.

8. Solving Problems in Science: Understanding the scientific method. Describe the scientific method. Write up report of experiments. Write hypothesis. Design an experiment using the scientific method. Test a hypothesis by doing an experiment.

9. Acids and bases: Understanding what are acids and bases. Describe the properties of acids and bases. Understand pH and its practical uses define neutralisation. Use and make indicators. Use pH paper to check acidity. Use acids and bases safely. Apply knowledge of acids and bases to everyday situations. To be aware of the formation and effect of acid rain.

10. Interdisciplinary "Space" Studying the Universe: understanding our solar system and space exploration. Know the order of the planets. Describe key features of each planet. Distinguish between comet, asteroids and meteors. Describe spiral, elliptical and irregular galaxies. Explain the significance of star color. Identify major constellations. Be aware of the impact of space exploration. Make scale model of planets. Design and make a space mobile or building from recycled materials. Plot positions of stars.

11. Materials from the Earth: Understanding natural resources, where they are found and what they are used for. Name useful substances made from natural materials e.g. glass and concrete. Understand what natural resources are. Find out whether or not natural resources are renewable. Present information on renewable resources. Understand how fossil fuels, uranium and water are used to provide energy. Understand how materials and rocks are mined and how they are used. Map the locations of various mineral resources around the world.

12. Science & Technology: Understanding of how technology has been used to solve problem. Explain the difference between science and technology. Find out about some inventors and inventions. Be aware of inventions. Design a test to solve an everyday problem. Carry out a science fair experiment. Research to find relevant information.

13. Keeping Healthy: Understanding the digestive and circulatory systems. Explain what the part of the digestive system does during digestion. Use the model to explain how food passes from the small intestine to the bloodstream. Describe the importance of fiber in the diet. Describe how the blood carries food and oxygen to the body cells. Understand the effect of exercise on pulse and breathing rates. Investigate the structure and care of teeth. Describe the structure of the heart and how to take care of it.

14. Batteries and Bulbs: Understanding of batteries' concept and circuits. Make simple circuits. Draw circuit diagrams. Know the difference between series and parallel circuits. Describe the properties of conductors and insulators. Understand about resistance and short circuits. Explain how electrical safety device work (fuses and earths). Understand the rules for using electrical safely. Know the component of electrical plug.

15. Atoms and molecules: Understanding of atoms, molecules, elements and compounds. Describe the practical theory to explain the properties of solids, liquids and gases. Explain that matter is made of atoms and molecules. Know the name of some common molecules. Understand the basic structure of the atom. Describe what elements and compounds are. Explain the difference between elements and compounds in term of atoms and molecules. Know the first twenty elements and their symbol from the periodic table. Know about some of the people who discovered different elements. Know the formula of some common compounds. Write a simple word equation.

16. Cycles in Nature: Understanding of food chains and webs. Use food chains to show the link between animals and plants. Describe how bacteria and fungi recycle substances. Know the difference between scavengers and decomposers. Construct food webs.

17. What are Things made of: Understanding of the concept of the periodic table and the elements covered in Year 2 Atoms and Molecules. Review particle theory, atoms, molecules, elements and compounds. Understand basic patterns of the periodic table. Learn the first 20 elements by symbol and name. Learn to write simple equation. Know the basic structure of the atom, protons, neutrons, and electrons. Look at where metals and other important materials come from and what they are used for. Know about alloy.

18. Disease: Understanding how infections disease is caused and transmitted. Describe the microorganisms that cause disease. Know which organism cause common diseases. Understand how our body fights disease. Understand the history of disease and vaccination. Understand about how antibiotics are used to fight disease.

19. Global Consumer Science: Understanding of scientific testing of consumer product and the impact of consumer products on our health and environment. Use the steps of scientific testing. Understand the difference between objective and subjective testing. Calculate the waste from packaging. Understand how long different substances take to break down. Research recycling. Know about the argument surrounding genetically modified foods. Understand the impact of consumer products on our environment.

20. Science and the Road: Understanding of Newton First Law (Inertia), friction, Reaction Time, Acceleration, Car safety. Understand the main reasons for car accidents. Know about car safety features. Be aware of road safety. Calculate speed and acceleration. Measure reaction time. List the factors affecting stopping time.

21. Interdisciplinary "The Body" Life goes On: Understanding of human reproduction and inheritance. Describe the structure and function of the male and female reproductive system. Recognize variation in human characteristics. Describe the role of genes and chromosomes in human inheritance. Use family trees to determine the features of family members. Be able to calculate the chance of children being born male or female using model. Use grids to predict variation in offspring characteristics. Describe genetic engineering and social implications.

22. Light and Color: Understanding of how light and color are produced. Explain why things are colored. List the colors of spectrum. Describe how long and short sightedness can be corrected with lenses. Find out how we see colors and why color blindness occurs. Observe how light travels in straight lines. Investigate how different colors are made. Predict the color produced when filters are used. Investigate how lenses bend light to form images. Observe how images from when light reflects from when light reflect from mirror.

23. Forensic Science: Understanding of how science is used in crime detection. Describe the job of a forensic scientist. Understand how scientists collect and interpret the physical evidence from a crime. Investigate hypothetical crimes. Examine fingerprints. Use chromatography to examine ink samples. Use indicator to detect the presence of certain substances. Examine evidence using a microscope. Understand about ballistic and genetic evidence. Understand about the use of atomic absorption spectrophotometers to examine traces of chemical. Construct evidence tables and detect patterns. Write hypothetical forensic reports.

24. Mathematics Ability: Understanding of the mathematics. Fraction. Statistics. Simple Trigonometry. Simple Geometry. Logarithms. Arithmetic and Geometric Array. Quadratics Equation. Power and square roots.

samedi, mai 20, 2006

How the marionette regime rules Cambodia (suite)

News from Cambodia N° 0624-E


Khemara Jati
Montréal, Québec
Le 18 mai 2006

Below is an article of Cambodge Soir of May 17th, 2006, entitled « Le ministère de l’Agriculture s’oppose à une société vietnamienne - The Ministry of Agriculture opposes to a Vietnamese company ». (unofficial translation by Khemara Jati)

This article shows that even an ordinary vietnamese company dares not to take into account orders of the representatives of the State of Cambodia. Not only the representatives of this company did not deign to come to the summons of the Cambodian Court of Justice, but declares that « they were in connection with a high-ranking servant in Phnom Penh and that they are accountable only to him »! So, for this Vietnamese company, the current regime is reduced to a single person whom he did not name! Did our province of Ratanakiri already become vietnamese province? Does the Minister of Agriculture has the power to chase away this Vietnamese company of our lands?

This fact comes to confirm that on our eastern borders, our lands are not already considered as vietnamese lands?

What the swaggerer and the marionette Hun Sen has to say about it? Why this silence? What means this silence? Is it the consequence of this famous «Triangular Project » or the other « quadrangular Project » ? When it will be « Pentagulaire Projet »? Does the marionette and criminal Hun Sen know how to count more than four?

Affair to be followed …

Cambodge Soir
Mercredi 17 mai 2006
(Unofficial translation by Khemara Jati)

The Minister of the Agriculture opposes to a vietnamese company

The representatives of the committee of issue the title deeds for the hevea plantations made few days ago, in person, in the province of Ratanakiri to oppose to the activities of clearing of a field made by a vietnamse company.

The leader of the Committee and the Under Secretary of State of the Agriculture, Uk Sokhon, explains that this company had no license to enclose three hectares of heveas as it claims to implant a factory there. « The company asserts having bought this plot of land from inhabitants. On the spot, 79 heveas was cut. We forbade to continue, but it refuses to listen to our civil servants », curses Uk Sokhon, who announces to boot a procedure of the ministry to block this factory project.

According to this responsible, the property of this plantation returns to the local company Tay Seng, which has a lease of 70 years and pays the rent of the land as well as the State taxes of export. By the request of the Ministry of Agriculture, Tay Seng complain to justice and asks 40 000 dollars for compensations to the vietnamienne company Hang Thang for having injured his property.

« Although convened twice to the Court, the responsibles of Hang Thang never appeared », clarifies Uk Sokhon. The governor of Ratanakiri, Muong Poy, reports that numerous cases of wild clearings of heveas aiming to monopolize the space occur, but this activity tends to slow down further to the ministry intervention.

According to Hem Sophal, member of the Committee, the company suspended its activities further his visit. « But the responsibles said to us that they were in connection with a high-ranking servant in Phnom Penh and that they are accountable only to him, he clarifies. From then we intend to follow the judicial way. » The responsibles for Hang Thang were not able to be joined yesterday.

Duong Sokha

Note : This article is available into french upon request.

jeudi, mai 18, 2006

Dy Kuchsa Won Gold Medal for Cambodia


Khemara Jati
Montréal, Québec
April, 20th, 2006

Dy Kuchsa won gold medal for Cambodia in science at IJSO - his international achievement for Cambodia is underappreciated by the gov't

Dy Kuchsa, recipient of the IJSO gold medal, proudly displays his medal and his award certificate. (Photo: Kim Poeuv Sotan, RFA)
Kuchsa (R) and his father (L) at their home. They expressed their deception to the fact that Cambodia has only shown a token appreciation of Kuchsa's international feat. For his achievement, which could not even be emulated by Thailand and Vietnam, and in spite of the lacking in his study, Kuchsa said that the Cambodian ministry of education had provided him only a meager $250 encouragement prize. (Photo: Kim Poeuv Sotan, RFA)

Cambodian student won gold medal in science at IJSO

19 April 2006
By Kim Poeuv Sotan
Radio Free Asia
Translated from Khmer by KI-Media

Cheers and applauds exploded during the announcement of the gold medal recipient for Dy Kuchsa, a young man from Cambodia, one of the world’s poorest country, who was honored for his participation in the international science contest.

Dy Kuchsa just received his gold medal in the science contest which lasted 10 days in Indonesia organized by the International Junior Science Olympiad (IJSO), in which physics, chemistry, and biology tests were administered to youths under 16 coming from all over the world for 10 days in December of last year.

Kuchsa proudly showed his gold medal and his award certificate, saying he could not believe he obtained them for himself, his family, and for Cambodia.

Kuchsa said: “After receiving the gold medal, I am very happy and proud of myself, my family, and the country … because our neighboring countries such as Vietnam and Thailand did not receive the gold medal.”

Dy Kuchsa’s father who was sitting next to him added: “… before my son left, we were worried once already … near his return, the ministry of education told us in advance that his name featured among those who received the gold medal. Before we even saw our son’s face, we were already happy … in the future, we need to find the means to have him continue his study…”

Dy Kuchsa, 16, is a student from Tuol Tompoung high school in Phnom Penh. His father is a former soldier and his mother is a cake seller. He lives in an old and cramped wooden house in Beung Keng Kang district, Khan Chamkar Mon, Phnom Penh.

Every morning, Kuchsa wakes up very early to study and do his homework. Besides going to class and attending some minimal tutoring classes, Kuchsa reserves the bulk of his day to self-study such as doing research and practicing by himself.

Kuchsa said: “… in general, I do not go out much, I save most of my time to study at home. I take minimum tutoring classes, I save time to study at home and practice with books and correct myself with answers notebooks.”

Thlang Sang Dy, Kuchsa’s father, is the one credited for contributing the most to his son’s study. He said that he prevented his son from watching TV, and he follows his son to school, and provides him with all his needs in his study.

Thlang Sang Dy said: “We pay attention to him, we are close to him, we encourage him to study hard and we explain to him that study will provide good results, because in the end, he would not have to do hard labor. We took him to see laborers working very hard such as cyclo people, people who had to dig earth, we explained to him that he had to study hard then his life would not be as hard [as that of a laborer], and he should not watch TV, or waste time to go out…”

The 10-day contest in Indonesia took place last December, and was participated by 196 contestants coming from 36 countries in the world, including European and Asian countries.

Gold medals were obtained by China, South Korea, Indonesia, Russia, Croatia, Brunei, and Cambodia also received this honor. However, Vietnam, the UK, Thailand, and France did not receive any gold medal in the science contest.

Kuchsa said that this was unbelievable because his study in school concentrates mainly on theory and he never had any real experimental practice since public schools do not have experimental equipments for students.
Kuchsa said: “Even though we do not have any experimental equipment, we can still obtain a gold medal. If we were to have them, we would be even more advanced than other countries. During the first test, I did not have much hope, the most I can dream of is a bronze medal because I heard that the level of education [in other countries] is much higher than ours … I was worried about contestants from Europe, for example those from the UK, they are usually very strong. I suggest to the teachers to concentrate on both the theory and experiments, they are both useful because in science, the theoretical study alone is not sufficient, we need to have experiments, we need to know how to do everything by ourselves…”

Even though obtaining the gold medal at the IJSO is recognized as an international feat in Indonesia, in Cambodia, the ministry of education had only provided a token encouragement prize of 1 million riels (US$250) to Kuchsa.

Kuchsa and his father said that they are deceived that there is not much encouragement for Kuchsa in Cambodia [on his achievement], they also said that they do not hold much hope for what is in store for them in the future.

Posted by Khemara Jati

mercredi, mai 17, 2006

How the marionnette regime rules Cambodia ?

News from Cambodia N° 0622-E


Khemara Jati
Montreal, Quebec
May 15th, 2006

We diffuse below the article of Cambodge Soir of Monday, May 8th, 2006 entitled « Comment tirer profit de l’OMC et de l’ASEAN - How to take benefit from the WTO and from ASEAN ? ». This article shows that the marionette regime makes everything to set up only men flooded in dollars and incapable in everything and nil in all the points of view.

Indeed, Chea Samnang, an economist to the Economic Institute of Cambodia: « consider that Cambodia should get involved within the "the Great Mekong Sub-region (GMS), an instance gathering six countries (China, Burma, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam and Cambodia), created in 1993 on the initiative of the Asian Development Bank[1] (ADB) with the aim of strengthening the economic relations between the countries of the Mekong. The GMS concentrates its action on eleven sectors, among which the intensification of the production capacity and the development of infrastructures.

« The GMS can help us to develop our infrastructures via the ADB loans. And it corresponds exactly to our needs » assert Chea Samnang. But these loans do not come from the sky: to be eligible, Cambodia has to have the solid projects. Now, according to the economist, the civil servants who know the GMS's existence are rare[2]. « As long as we ignore the GMS, we cannot benefit from it[3]. In Vietnam, the provincial authorities (at least with the assistants, indirectly Japanese[4]) are already very implied there », regret Chea Samnang.

« Then Cambodia should rather defend new projects with the GMS, notably in the electric production's field. At least 13 hydroelectric sites could be developed for a capacity of more than 4 700 megawatts. We have this potential. We could thus in the future export some electricity, wishes the responsible.

« From the point of view of the road infrastructures, Cambodia also has a card to play, benefiting from a strategic position which would allow the country to take advantage completely of its membership with WTO and ASEAN. But the good roads between the countries of the GMS are not enough: they can indeed stimulate the exports of the neighbor countries without any benefits for our economy. « It would mean that Cambodia borrows money from ADB to build roads but this money favors only the business of the other member countries », the economist warns. Only solution thus : increase production capacities to be capable of exporting on the vast international market which opens to Cambodia. »


Finally, a distinguished Cambodian economist issues sensible opinions to defend the fundamental interests of Cambodia. We do never stop repeating these ideas since more than ten years. We thus agree with the propositions issued by Chea Samnang. But Chea Samnang works in Cambodia. He cannot say all everything. It is normal. Chea Samnang informs us that two roads Phnom Penh - Saigon with two very expensive bridges on Mekong are built with capital borrowed by Cambodia. It is incredible. It shows that:

A/. Cambodia is capable of presenting valid projects when it is in the interests of Japan and Vietnam. But is incapable of making any project in the interests of only Cambodia as thinks Chea Samnang! Look for the reason.

B/. More these roads are built by Japanese and Vietnamese companies. No any Cambodian engineer nor any technician. It is necessary to underline also that the cement, the metal etc. are also imported by Vietnam and by Japan via Saigon! So the construction of these two strategic roads for the exports of the Vietnamese products to flood the Cambodian market and also to favor the massive arrival of the Vietnamese settlers toward Cambodia, is financed by the Cambodian people. Then it seems that Cambodia pay the rope to hang herself ?

C/. We also mention that with Vietnamese companies, Japan is building a road West-East connecting our provinces of the North-East to the Vietnamese port of Da-Nang, to drain our resources of this region towards Vietnam. Probably financed also by the ADB as Cambodia’s loan ?

D/. Now, we know that from 2009, Cambodia is going to receive an oil pension of at least 4 billions of US a year. It is the Japanese company which will have supreme control « to advise » the use of this pension!

Of this pension, how much will Japan and the USA get benefits ? How much in the pockets of the Vietnamese company Sokimex? Or more or less directly in the Vietnamese’s pockets? How much in the pockets of the men of the marionette regime ? How much will stay to finance the education? The modernization of our agriculture? To finance the industrialization of Cambodia? To modernize our internal roads? Why this opaqueness concerning the use of this oil pension? Are there Cambodian engineers and technicians employed by the American company Chevron for the research and the production of our hydrocarbons?

Presently our country forms hardly 25 engineers a year, of low level and in French. Vietnam forms a year 30 000 high-level engineers, in Vietnamese language and capable of frequenting the best American universities and the best high schools of France. Bill Gates promises to form quickly 15 000 Vietnamese computer specialists of international level.

The 4 billions of US dollars are going to create heavy industries as oil refineries, shipyards, other industries? Where to find Cambodian engineers and qualified personnel ? Are the Cambodians condemned to work only as manual manpower? To be beggars in her own country? The wealth being reserved for the foreigners, in particular for the Vietnamese?

Above all, can we speak about the Cambodia situation, without speaking of major power’s interventions?

Only our convergent struggles against the Vietnamese domination, against the ignorance, the disease and the poverty, against the monopolies of the Vietnamese company Sokimex and the Vietnamese bank Canadia, for the national Independence in our territorial and maritime Integrity, for the prosperity for the whole people, for the democracy and the freedom, will be rather strong to oblige great powers to consider our fundamental and justifiable aspiration.

[1] The BAD was always created and controlled by Japan since the end of 1960s.
[2] Underlined by Khemara Jati
[3] Why since 1991 Japan supports such a power in Phnom Penh which is so incapable? Why Japan does not make any effort to help Cambodians to present valid projects? We do not confuse the Japanese government interests and the helps of certain Japanese organizations as the Toyota Foundation for example as well as Japanese personalities who bring us cultural helps.
[4] Read « Japan – Vietnam, History of a relation under influence » (unofficial translated by Khemara Jati), by Guy Faure and Laurent Schwab, Ed. IRASEC, Bangkok and Paris 2004, in particular on the page 56 this book teaches us that Tokyo came to establish in connection with Hanoi since February 8th, 1972 and that Japan considers Vietnam as the « evident leader of three Indo-Chinese countries (Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia), indispensable region to the prosperity and to the stability of East Asia and the South-East ».
The same book tells us, at page XIV, that the USA has established a relation directly with the marionette Hun Sen from September 5th, 1990, that is more than year before the Paris Agreements : « Hanoi is satisfied by the American decision ». Later, it is necessary to wonder that Clinton authorized the marionette Hun Sen son in the prestigious Military Academy of West Point? Since then did the US interests evolve?

samedi, mai 13, 2006

The Vietnamese Encroachments



Khemara Jati
Montréal, Québec
Le 10 mai 2006

Before the signature of the « Additional Treaty » on our borders, the Cambodian committee in charge to negotiate on this problem with Hanoi forms by the persons hundred percent under the Hanoi obediences. No any political personality dares to go and see what took place on our borders, in spite of many complaints of our fellow countrymen living in these areas. The police of the marionette regime dares to make nothing to defend the interests of our fellow countrymen. Then this treaty was adopted in the half-day by hand raising votes. After its adoption in unacceptable conditions, the fantoche regime asks Hanoi to take care of new borders limitation of our borders! Which country asks to her neighbours the take care of implanting the borders of her borders? Does such a regime which make such a decision can be a representative of the people will ? The signature of this Treaty is not a new proof showing that, behind a more and more transparent folding screen, the current regime is totally subjected to the Hanoi’s decisions ?

To believe in the vietnamese promises, is not a dangerous way of forgetting Son Qu’s experience?

In these conditions, does this Treaty is in accordance with the interests of the Cambodian people? Is it justifiable ? The Cambodian’s unanimous answer is no, thousand times no.

Then what to do ? Rainsy and his party decide to organize a « Bonn Phkar » to collect some money to help people who live in « Phum Daung » village located on our east borders. Rainsy collected 5 000 US and decides to go, on May 7th, 2006, to hand them himself to the « Phum Daung »’s inhabitants. Then Rainsy notices that the villagers lost lands offered to Vietnam by the marionette power by the villainous Treaty.

To confirm that this treaty is against the interests of Cambodia, the CPP representative of the marionette regime, Cheam Yeap says that « Rainsy wants to increase his popularity », so it is confirmed that Rainsy gains the people’s support.

Now how to help Phum Daung’s villagers and other inhabitants on our borders to resist durably against the Vietnamese authoritie’s encroachments?

We think that it is necessary to take the following urgent measures:

1/. Open schools with professors motivated and paid suitably to school all the children of these regions.

2/ Economically, develop these regions by suitable measures to make people of that area to be able of opposing to our neighbour’s encroachments.

3/ Improve the communications of these regions with Phnom Penh, to allow better cultural and economical exchanges with the capital.

4/ Set up policemen who defend our fellow countrymen and not policemen who obey blindly the Hanoi’s orders, as it is the case of the present moment.

It is true that with the current Vietnamese regime in Phnom Penh, steady and backed by major powers, the fight is not easy. The political, economical and cultural Independence of Cambodia in its Integrity territorial and maritime, the Democracy and the Freedom are never the gifts of the sky.

Rainsy’s actions to help Phum Daung’s villagers is the reflection of the multiform struggles always more powerful and more convergent of the Cambodians wherever they are, against the domination and the colonization of the Vietnamese settlers, against the ignorance, the disease and the misery, against the monopoly of the Vietnamese company Sokimex and the Vietnamese bank Canadia, for national Independence in our territorial and maritime Integrity, for Democracy and Freedom. Involuntarily the representative of the marionette regime Cheam Yeap confirms the popular approval of this action promoted by Rainsy.

Let us remind that Rainsy’s security is insured at least until Bush trip to Hanoi. Later on ?

We diffuse below the article on this subject, published in Cambodia Daily of May 8th, 2006.

Sam Rainsy: "SRP has not supported the supplemental [border] treaty"

At a Bonn Phka Samaki organized by the Sam Rainsy Party in the Cambodia-Vietnam Daung Village, Romeas Hek district, Svay Rieng province, Sam Rainsy, the opposition leader, declared that "villagers have lost their lands." He also said that he does not recognize the agreement reached between Hun Sen and the Vietnamese government that was later ratified by the National Assembly and signed by King Norodom Sihamoni. (Photo: SRP Head Office)
Monday, May 8, 2006
Sam Rainsy: PM's VN Deal Unacceptable
By Yun Samean

Rekindling the contentious issue of Cambodia's disputed borders with Vietnam and breathing new life into the border agreement controversy that prompted Prime Minister Hun Sen to jail several critics late last year and early this year, Sam Rainsy on Sunday said he did not recognize the prime minister's border agreement with Cambodia's neighbor.
Sam Rainsy, leader of the party that bears his name, made his comments following a Buddhist ceremony in Doung village, located in Svay Rieng province's Romeas Hek district, where several Cambodian homes are situated on undemarcated border land claimed by Vietnam and Cambodia. "I believe that villagers have lost their lands," Sam Rainsy said by telephone from Doung village.
"SRP has not supported the supplemental treaty," he said, adding that he did not recognize the agreement reached between Hun Sen and the Vietnamese government that was later ratified by the National Assembly and signed by King Norodom Sihamoni.
Sam Rainsy added that King Sihamoni had no option but to sign the treaty in December. "The King has no power" to oppose it, he said.
Senior CPP lawmaker Cheam Yeap said that Sam Rainsy's comments were made for purely political reasons.
"He wants to increase his own popularity," Cheam Yeap said.
Once the government finishes installing boundary marks between Cambodia and Vietnam in 2008, no one will complain, he added.
When he returned from negotiating the border agreement in Vietnam on Oct 12, Hun Sen threatened to sue anyone who dared to criticize the deal. Several leading activists were arrested for making comments critical of the deal, which the prime minister branded as defamatory.
Sam Rainsy, who had been out of Cambodia for more than a year, during which time he was found guilty of another instance of defaming the prime minister, returned in early February after reaching a deal with Hun Sen. m

Note de Khemarajati : Cet article est aussi disponible en français sur demande.